Fedora 11 - aka "Leonidas" - is here

Fedora

It's a wee bit later than originally planned, but finally we have a shiny new version of Fedora to play with. Codenamed Leonidas, Fedora 11 brings together a bunch of tweaks and enhancements, described in boring business-like language in the official announcement and with a fantastic, surreal slant in the Fedora mailing list post. Grab a full-on DVD installer ISO or a smaller CD Live version from this page, and see after the break for a summary of the changes.

Introducing Gloss

Code

Taking a short break from his coding academy, Hudzilla has spent the last few weeks touring Italy and - believe it or not - fiddling around with Python. The first fruits of his effort are now available for world + dog to try, so if you're looking for something new to hack on, continue reading to hear from the man himself...

Open Ballot: should we thin the licensing herd?

TuxRadar

Everyone knows the GPL and what it stands for, but it has many friends in the free software world - the LGPL, the BSD licence, the MIT licence, the artistic licence, the Creative Commons family, the Apache licence, the PHP licence, the Python licence, plus licences from Sun, Microsoft, IBM and many, many more all having been accepted by the Open Source Foundation.

Our Open Ballot for this fortnight asks, "should we as the open source community be trying to reduce the number of licences?" Is "choice is good" a valid answer for software licensing, or are we just hurting ourselves by fragmenting usage terms? Should more work be done to make licences interoperable? Tell us your answer below, and please make sure you use something other than "Anonymous Penguin" otherwise it's likely your words of wisdom will be ignored!

Run Linux applications on Windows

KDE

"Why would you want to do that?", you're probably asking. If you can run Linux 24x7 on any machine you come across, great -- but given the ubiquity of Microsoft's OS, chances are you'll end up sitting at a Windows-only PC at some point. Never fear: even if you can't vape the drive and install your favourite distro, you can still get a Linux fix thanks to a new tutorial from our friends on PC Plus: Run Linux applications on Windows. Specifically, it focuses on installing and running KDE in Microsoftland, which isn't as tough as it sounds.

Spice up your LUG!

Events

Spice up your LUG

Do you attend or run a Linux User Group (LUG)? Looking for some fresh ideas to give it a new lease of life? Read on and discover how your LUG meetings can be more than a general Linux-related chit-chat down the local pub...

KOffice 2.0 is here, sort of

KDE

KOffice 2.0

It's been a long time coming, but KOffice 2.0 has finally arrived. But before you rush off to grab the brand-spanking-new KDE office suite, heed these words from the developers: "This release is mainly aimed at developers, testers and early adopters. It is not aimed at end users, and we do not recommend Linux distributions to package it as the default office suite yet." It looks like the KOffice team have learned some lessons from the KDE 4.0 release - don't make a big deal of a major version number bump if there's still a lot of functionality to be implemented. Changelog summary after the break.

Linux Mint 7 gloriously released

Distros

Linux Mint 7

If you like your Ubuntu green and with loads of extra add-ons, you'll be chuffed to bits with Linux Mint 7, codenamed Gloria. Highlights include a new 'suggestions' feature in the mintMenu panel that tries to guess what you want to do. There's also a "featured applications" panel in mintInstall that lists useful apps that you might not have heard of, while mintUpdate can now show changelogs from Mint-specific packages, and not just Ubuntu.

Podcast Season 1 Episode 9

Podcast

Title: Catafalque

In this episode: Our favourite TuxRadar comments so far, how can we help convert people from Windows and a special feature on netbooks.

Reviewed: Yoggie Open Firewall SOHO

Hardware

Here's a device that started out as a firewall and ended up as a powerful embedded development platform. It's based around an ARM CPU and includes an SDK to let you develop your own tools.

An attractive price, but how good is it? Read on for our verdict...

Modify xorg.conf for better performance

Linux

Most distributions configure your graphics card and display automatically, but xorg.conf is still well worth fiddling with. It's a text file that contains all the configurations details required by the X server to deliver a graphical display and provide a connection between your keyboard, your mouse, and the computer. Read on to understand how xorg.conf works, tweak it for maximum performance and add functionality.

Interview: Mozilla Bespin's Joe Walker

Mozilla

Calling all web coders - have you tried Bespin yet? It's a new project from Mozilla Labs attempting to bring a full-featured, collaborative editor to the web. Right now it's in the early stages of development (version 0.2.2) but you can take it for a test run today.

100 open source gems - part 2

Group Test

If you haven't already seen the first part of our 100 open source gems, read it now - and here's the next 50 great apps!

100 open source gems - part 1

Group Test

KDE, Gnome, OpenOffice.org and Firefox - all great software, and all powerful proponents of the free software software movement. But there are thousands of other applications out there that are worth trying, so in every issue of Linux Format magazine we highlight some of the best new open source programs that have been released or updated recently.

If you're looking to try something new on your Linux box, we've put together a full year of our favourite software releases. Some things you'll probably have heard of already, but we think everyone will find something new and cool to try below. Read on for the first 50, and click here for the second batch!

Boot Linux over the network

Networking

Network booting via PXE can be a life-saver when you have a box that won't boot by any other means, or you want to roll out upgrades across a hundred machines without jamming a CD into them individually. Our PC Plus brethren have put up a tutorial for booting Linux via a network connection, explaining how to install a DNS server, configure DHCP and set up TFTP to transfer the boot image.

Avoiding the JavaScript trap

Web

Hopefully by now you've already read Richard Stallman's article "The JavaScript Trap" - it's a subject we care a lot about here at TuxRadar HQ, so when people ask us questions about the problem of online freedom we do our best to answer as fully as we can.

KDE 4.3 Beta 1 - looking pretty

KDE

PolicyKit integration is the most notable back-end change: this framework lets application developers request privileges from the OS without needing the all-or-nothing 'su'. On the user-visible side, 4.3 Beta 1 sports a new tree view option for System Settings, a fading desktop switcher, and new window animations. Here's the full changelog -- summary after the break.

Podcast Season 1 Episode 8

Podcast

Title: Wolves in the Moonlight

In this episode: OpenOffice.org 3.1 is out and we take a guess at just how many lines of source code it has, Glibc has been forked, a ZDNet report whose name we can't pronounce takes a potshot at Moonlight, and our Open Ballot asks whether we need a standard package manager.

Debian ditches Glibc for... EGLIBC

Debian

Uh-oh. The C library is an essential core component of any Unix-like operating system, and for Debian to switch from the well-established Glibc is big news. This blog post explains the reasons behind the move to EGLIBC, noting technical aspects such as a consistent stable branch, support for different shells and the ability to optimise for size (using the -Os GCC flag).

It also points to dissatisfaction with Glibc maintainer Ulrich Drepper's attitude towards potential contributors: eg "Stop wasting people's time! Nobody cares about this crap." Or take a look at the comments here for some, er, lively debate.

Follow us on Identica and Twitter

TuxRadar

We post a lot of great content here on TuxRadar, with "How to choose the best Linux distro for you", "Ubuntu 9.04: 32-bit vs 64-bit benchmarks" and "Virtualisation made easy" all having been popular in the last couple of weeks alone. So why take the risk of missing something?

Follow us on Identi.ca or Twitter and find out about all our articles the second we publish them. You can also join in with your views on the free software topics of the day, or just send us cool links you think we might like - we're always open for a chat!

How to build your own Linux distro

Distros

Since Manchester University's Owen Le Blanc released MCC Interim Linux (generally agreed to have been the first Linux distribution), way back in 1992, there have been hundreds of ways to get the world's favourite free software operating system on to a computer. The diversity of alternatives reflects the diversity in the development community, with distros split along technical, functional, linguistic and even ideological lines.

There have been large distros, tiny ones, bleeding edge and rock-solid stable distros. Easy for the newbie to install, or downright impenetrable to the uninitiated. Created exclusively with free software as a badge of pride, or so proprietary in attitude that not even the toolchain was fully GNU (hello Red Flag Server 4.1, built with the Intel compiler in 2004).

So with all the variety that's already out there, why would anyone want to create their own distro? Well, that's down to you. But we want to show you how to get started the easy way, as well as giving you some advice along the way to help make your distro stand out in the crowd. Read on!

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