Modify xorg.conf for better performance


Most distributions configure your graphics card and display automatically, but xorg.conf is still well worth fiddling with. It's a text file that contains all the configurations details required by the X server to deliver a graphical display and provide a connection between your keyboard, your mouse, and the computer. Read on to understand how xorg.conf works, tweak it for maximum performance and add functionality.

Interview: Mozilla Bespin's Joe Walker


Calling all web coders - have you tried Bespin yet? It's a new project from Mozilla Labs attempting to bring a full-featured, collaborative editor to the web. Right now it's in the early stages of development (version 0.2.2) but you can take it for a test run today.

100 open source gems - part 2

Group Test

If you haven't already seen the first part of our 100 open source gems, read it now - and here's the next 50 great apps!

100 open source gems - part 1

Group Test

KDE, Gnome, and Firefox - all great software, and all powerful proponents of the free software software movement. But there are thousands of other applications out there that are worth trying, so in every issue of Linux Format magazine we highlight some of the best new open source programs that have been released or updated recently.

If you're looking to try something new on your Linux box, we've put together a full year of our favourite software releases. Some things you'll probably have heard of already, but we think everyone will find something new and cool to try below. Read on for the first 50, and click here for the second batch!

Boot Linux over the network


Network booting via PXE can be a life-saver when you have a box that won't boot by any other means, or you want to roll out upgrades across a hundred machines without jamming a CD into them individually. Our PC Plus brethren have put up a tutorial for booting Linux via a network connection, explaining how to install a DNS server, configure DHCP and set up TFTP to transfer the boot image.

Avoiding the JavaScript trap


Hopefully by now you've already read Richard Stallman's article "The JavaScript Trap" - it's a subject we care a lot about here at TuxRadar HQ, so when people ask us questions about the problem of online freedom we do our best to answer as fully as we can.

KDE 4.3 Beta 1 - looking pretty


PolicyKit integration is the most notable back-end change: this framework lets application developers request privileges from the OS without needing the all-or-nothing 'su'. On the user-visible side, 4.3 Beta 1 sports a new tree view option for System Settings, a fading desktop switcher, and new window animations. Here's the full changelog -- summary after the break.

Podcast Season 1 Episode 8


Title: Wolves in the Moonlight

In this episode: 3.1 is out and we take a guess at just how many lines of source code it has, Glibc has been forked, a ZDNet report whose name we can't pronounce takes a potshot at Moonlight, and our Open Ballot asks whether we need a standard package manager.

Debian ditches Glibc for... EGLIBC


Uh-oh. The C library is an essential core component of any Unix-like operating system, and for Debian to switch from the well-established Glibc is big news. This blog post explains the reasons behind the move to EGLIBC, noting technical aspects such as a consistent stable branch, support for different shells and the ability to optimise for size (using the -Os GCC flag).

It also points to dissatisfaction with Glibc maintainer Ulrich Drepper's attitude towards potential contributors: eg "Stop wasting people's time! Nobody cares about this crap." Or take a look at the comments here for some, er, lively debate.

Follow us on Identica and Twitter


We post a lot of great content here on TuxRadar, with "How to choose the best Linux distro for you", "Ubuntu 9.04: 32-bit vs 64-bit benchmarks" and "Virtualisation made easy" all having been popular in the last couple of weeks alone. So why take the risk of missing something?

Follow us on or Twitter and find out about all our articles the second we publish them. You can also join in with your views on the free software topics of the day, or just send us cool links you think we might like - we're always open for a chat!

How to build your own Linux distro


Since Manchester University's Owen Le Blanc released MCC Interim Linux (generally agreed to have been the first Linux distribution), way back in 1992, there have been hundreds of ways to get the world's favourite free software operating system on to a computer. The diversity of alternatives reflects the diversity in the development community, with distros split along technical, functional, linguistic and even ideological lines.

There have been large distros, tiny ones, bleeding edge and rock-solid stable distros. Easy for the newbie to install, or downright impenetrable to the uninitiated. Created exclusively with free software as a badge of pride, or so proprietary in attitude that not even the toolchain was fully GNU (hello Red Flag Server 4.1, built with the Intel compiler in 2004).

So with all the variety that's already out there, why would anyone want to create their own distro? Well, that's down to you. But we want to show you how to get started the easy way, as well as giving you some advice along the way to help make your distro stand out in the crowd. Read on!

Reviewed: Mandriva 2009.1 Spring


Reviewed: Since its last release, Mandriva has undergone a few changes – many of which have rubbed the community up the wrong way. But when it comes to producing a general-purpose Linux distro, Mandriva always seems to pull it off. Its latest, Mandriva 2009.1 Spring, is haute couture, trend-setting stuff.

Open Ballot: do we need a standard package format?


We all know that "choice is good", but does that extend right the way down to the very fundamentals of our Linux lives? In our next podcast the Open Ballot question is this: should we standardise on a single package format, eg RPM or .deb?

If you haven't participated before, the rules of our Open Ballot are simple: we want you to answer the question with a simple yes or no, backed up with the deep insights and reasoning that led you to your answer. Do users really care about package formats? Would it make much of a difference even if we did have a standard? Please also provide a name other than "Anonymous Penguin", because it sounds silly when read out lots of times. Let us know what you think!

Linux Format 119 - on sale now!

Linux Format is the world's best Linux magazine. No, really.

The latest issue of Linux Format magazine is on sale from today. Yes, you can buy it across the world. Yes, even in Australia/Brazil/Norway/America/Wales.

Inside the issue you'll find all-new tips to help you work smarter with Linux, a hands-on guide to what makes Slackware as awesome as ever, a group test of Midnight Commander-alike file managers, an interview with Zeev Suraski from Zend, plus tutorials on, SSH tunnelling, Trickle, HomeBank, Gimp, ffmpeg and more.

In short, LXF119 covers the best the free software world has to offer, condensed down to 116 pages of magazine goodness. Click here to find out more about what's in the issue or, if your visits here have left you thinking, "wait a minute, if I had bought LXF I could have read this stuff months if not years ago" and you're desperate to part with your cash, click here to find out how to buy a copy - if you're in the US you should use the store locator for Barnes & Noble or Borders.

(NB: if you're a subscriber, you can download the PDFs for LXF119. If you're not a subscriber, what's taking you so long?)

An open letter to Mark Shuttleworth


Dear Mark,

Thanks for creating Ubuntu! Jaunty is the best release yet - stable, fast and full of features, just the way we like it. We particularly like the new notifications and the awesome new Screen tools that have been put in place. But there's one thing we don't like. In fact, there's one thing we think is colossally stupid, and we're hoping you'll give some thought to changing it to something smarter.

Group test: netbook distros


Ultraportable laptops – netbooks such as the Eee PC – are becoming increasingly popular. A computer that’s small enough to live permanently in your bag without giving you backache can be incredibly useful, especially as wireless connectivity and 3G hardware are growing in ubiquity.

Netbooks aren’t just consigned to disposable web surfing, though – they can rely on cloud computing services to provide you with a host of additional functionality. If you’ve never heard of cloud computing before, the idea behind it is that you’re able to store and use your data online, rather than on a local computer. That may sound confusing, but for commonly used examples of online apps that save data to remote servers, you need look no further than Google’s range of apps. The upshot of this is that all you require is an internet connection to have access and control over all your data, regardless of where you are.

If you already read our Ubuntu Netbook Remix review and decided it wasn't for you, read on to learn about four good alternative distros for your netbook...

Ubuntu Netbook Remix 9.04 hands-on


In episode 6 of our podcast we asked the question, "should netbook manufacturers standardise on a single distro?" Well, as netbook manufactuers continue to find ever more obscure distros to fit onto their systems, Canonical has stepped into the fray wielding a mighty cluestick: Ubuntu Netbook Remix (UNR).

When we interviewed Mark Shuttleworth a few weeks ago, he agreed that Ubuntu was late into the netbook arena. But the arrival of Jaunty Jackalope means that UNR has finally seen an official release, so there are lots of questions that need answering: how is it different from normal Ubuntu? How well does it work on average netbooks? And, most importantly, is it any good?

If you've already read our group test of netbook distros and want to know what Ubuntu can do to pull ahead ahead of the pack, you can read our full review of Ubuntu 9.04 Netbook Remix below. Read on!

Geotagging with Linux


Geotagging photographs makes it possible to give your computer orders like “show me on a map where this picture was taken” or “find all my pictures taken within a three-mile radius of Buckingham Palace”. If you want to publish your pictures online, geotagging makes it possible to make your own maps hyperlinked to and from your online picture galleries or services like Flickr.

Digital cameras with integrated GPS sensors that automatically geotag every shot will become more and more affordable over the next few months, but that doesn't mean that there's no reason to learn how to do it yourself. Think about it for a moment: if you like the possibilities of geotagged pictures, the biggest obstacle you're likely to face is not the shots you'll take from your next holiday, but the thousands of pictures you have on your hard disk already. We're going to help fix that...

Podcast update: smaller files!


Thanks to your complaints suggestions, our sound engineers have gone over the first six of our podcasts and recompressed them to make them as teensy as possible. Hmm... that doesn't quite sound cool enough, so let's say they digitally remastered them. Yes, that's better.

Anyway, the podcasts could get even smaller, but we like keeping them in stereo because podcast junkies who listen with headphones on get to hear our voices in a neato stereo sound field. All our podcasts will be made to this smaller file size in the future, but if you've subscribed to the RSS feed for either the Ogg Vorbis podcast or the MP3 podcast you may get a little hiccup as the new files kick in - sorry!

If you're scratching your head and thinking, "what podcast?" then get with the agenda already: we produce the world's best Linux podcast every two weeks for your listening pleasure, so stop reading books as you commute to the office and instead enjoy our fornightly(!) update of Linux news, tips and ranting. But mostly ranting.

Podcast Season 1 Episode 7


Title: Setting Sun

In this episode: Ubuntu 9.04 is here and Renai LeMay says it's as slick as Mac OS X. We also get to play with the GP2X Wiz portable games console and ponder on the announcement that Oracle is going to buy Sun Microsystems. Our open ballot asks whether we should dump

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