Linux kernel 1.0 turns 15 years old
That's right -- it's a day short of a decade and a half since Linus Torvalds announced version 1.0 of his kernel. On 14 Mar 1994 at 12:51:16 GMT, Torvalds posted a newsgroup message informing the world (well, the lucky few who had access to USENET) that despite his plan to release 1.0 earlier, "being just two years late is peanuts in the OS industry". Torvalds originally announced his kernel hacking antics in August 1991, little realising that his hobby project would attract so many developers and eventually garner enough commercial interest to make Messrs Gates and Ballmer scratch their chins in unison. Original comp.os.linux.announce post after the break.
Article 573 of comp.os.linux.announce: Xref: cstreet comp.os.linux.announce:573 comp.os.linux.development:4739 comp.os.linux.misc:7996 Path: cstreet!backbone!crcnis1.unl.edu!wupost!howland.reston.ans.net!EU.net!sunic! news.funet.fi!hydra.Helsinki.FI!usenet From: Linus Torvalds
Newsgroups: comp.os.linux.announce,comp.os.linux.development,comp.os.linux.misc Subject: Linux 1.0---A better UNIX than Windows NT Followup-To: comp.os.linux.misc Date: 14 Mar 1994 12:51:16 GMT Organization: University of Helsinki Lines: 138 Approved: firstname.lastname@example.org (Lars Wirzenius) Message-ID: <2m1mk4$qc9@hydra.Helsinki.FI> NNTP-Posting-Host: hydra.helsinki.fi Summary: Linux 1.0 released Keywords: Linux Kernel 1.0 Academy Awards X-Moderator-Added-Keywords: universe, end of Finally, here it is. Almost on time (being just two years late is peanuts in the OS industry), and better than ever: Linux kernel release 1.0 This release has no new major features compared to the pl15 kernels, but contains lots and lots of bugfixes: all the major ones are gone, the smaller ones are hidden better. Hopefully there are no major new ones. The Linux kernel can be found as source on most of the Linux ftp-sites under the names linux-1.0.tar.gz (full source) linux-1.0.patch.pl15.gz (patch against linux-0.99pl15) linux-1.0.patch.alpha.gz (patch from linux-pre-1.0) it should be available at least at the sites ftp.funet.fi: pub/OS/Linux/PEOPLE/Linus (now) sunsite.unc.ed: pub/Linux/Incoming (now) pub/Linux/kernel (soon) tsx-11.mit.edu: pub/linux/sources/system (soon) ftp.cs.helsinki.fi: pub/Software/Linux/Kernel (now) This release finally moves Linux out of Beta status and is meant as a base for distributions to build on. It will neither change Linux' status as FreeWare under the GPL, nor will it mean the end of development on Linux. In fact many new features where held back for later releases so that 1.0 could become a well tested and hopefully stable release. The Linux kernel wouldn't be where it is today without the help of lots of people: the kernel developers, the people who did user-level programs making linux useful, and the brave and foolhardy people who risked their harddisks and sanity to test it all out. My thanks to you all. (Editorial note: if you think this sounds too much like the Academy Awards ceremony, just skip this: it's not getting any better.) Thanks to people like Aaron Kushner, Danny ter Haar and the authors of the AnwenderHandbuch (and others) who have helped me with hardware or monetary donations (and to the Oxford Beer Trolls and others who took care of the drinkware). And thanks to Dirk, who helped me write this announcement despite my lazyness ("hey, it's just another release, who needs an announcement anyway?"). To make a long and boring story a bit shorter and boring, here is at least a partial list of people who have been helping make Linux what it is today. Thanks to you all, Krishna Balasubramanian Arindam Banerji Peter Bauer <email@example.com> Fred Baumgarten Donald Becker Stephen R. van den Berg Hennus Bergman Ross Biro Bill Bogstad John Boyd Andries Brouwer Remy Card Ed Carp Raymond Chen Alan Cox Laurence Culhane Wayne Davison Thomas Dunbar Torsten Duwe Drew Eckhardt Bjorn Ekwall Doug Evans Rik Faith Juergen Fischer Jeremy Fitzhardinge Ralf Flaxa Nigel Gamble Philip Gladstone Bruno Haible Andrew Haylett Dirk Hohndel Nick Holloway Ron Holt Rob W. W. Hooft Michael K. Johnson Fred N. van Kempen Olaf Kirch Ian Kluft Rudolf Koenig Bas Laarhoven Warner Losh H.J. Lu Tuomas J. Lukka Kai M"akisara Pat Mackinlay John A. Martin Bradley McLean Craig Metz William (Bill) Metzenthen Rick Miller Corey Minyard Eberhard Moenkeberg Ian A. Murdock Johan Myreen Stefan Probst Daniel Quinlan Florian La Roche Robert Sanders Peter De Schrijver Darren Senn Chris Smith Drew Sullivan Tommy Thorn Jon Tombs Theodore Ts'o Simmule Turner Stephen Tweedie Thomas Uhl Juergen Weigert Matt Welsh Marco van Wieringen Stephen D. Williams Gunter Windau Lars Wirzenius Roger E. Wolff Frank Xia Eric Youngdale Orest Zborowski A more detailed list with contact and description information can be found in the CREDITS file that accompanies the kernel sources. -- Mail submissions for comp.os.linux.announce to: firstname.lastname@example.org PLEASE remember Keywords: and a short description of the software.